The focus for this article is to provide a general overview of the varying types of thermostats that control the heating and cooling components of a home, the sum functions they may control, and to the best of our abilities we’ll keep an updated list of thermostat manufacturers so you can choose the most suitable thermostat.
The choices can be overwhelming, I know, and like all technology, something better seems to come along very soon, while other models become discontinued. But, at the core of all thermostats is the the the most basic function, controlling heating and cooling, and once you decide the best way to do that for your property and lifestyle, you now have a baseline on where to start looking at your list of thermostat options.
Line Voltage vs Low Voltage Thermostats
Most thermostats will be associated with controlling a forced air system consisting of a furnace and air conditioner, but you may be looking for a thermostat to control a heated floor, baseboard system, boiler system, heat pump, etc. and you need to make sure you choose a compatible thermostat.
- Line Voltage Thermostat – A line voltage thermostat means the device accepts the full 120 – 240V from the electrical panel, much like a typical wall switch. These types of thermostats are commonly associated with baseboard heaters or electric wall heaters, e.g. Emerson line voltage thermostats.
- Low Voltage Thermostat – A low voltage thermostat will be the most common type of thermostat controlling a heating and cooling system. These thermostats are low voltage because the line voltage of 120 – 240 VAC is reduced to a typical 24 VAC with a step-down transformer located inside the heating and cooling components.
How to tell the difference between line voltage and low voltage thermostats? The wires for a line voltage thermostat will be in the 12-14 gauge range, just like in-wall switches and outlets, while low voltage thermostats will have smaller 18-22 gauge wires, just like doorbell wiring. If there is a manufacturers product label present, the voltage specs may be listed as well.
Note: Consult the manufacturer if you have any questions or doubts about a specific thermostats compatibility, and if all the features you want to use can be used with your heating and cooling system.
Non-Programmable Mechanical Thermostats
However, the “iconic round” design by Henry Dreyfuss, for Honeywell, was created to replace an even more traditional design, the rectangular, or now, square thermostat design with a set point slider. E.g. Honeywell CT5X, CT3X, or the Econostat.
These basic thermostats can control heating only, or cooling only, with just 2 wire installation in some instances, making them a simple and uncomplicated solution for the most basic of needs.
- Simple installation
- Quick and easy to operate
- Cost effective
- Zero features to maximize energy efficiency
Non-Programmable Electronic Thermostats
A non-programmable electronic thermostat retains many of the simple aspects of a non-programmable mechanical thermostat, while adding digital controls and display, which allows more information to be shown, along with a few more features.
Instead of a dial or slider, pushbuttons control increasing and decreasing temperature setpoints, fan operation, and heat/cool mode.
With the ability to adjust temperature in 1 degree increments, you’ll get better temperature control compared to mechanical thermostats. This is very important when wanting to maximize energy efficiency.
The Robertshaw RS300 Series (shown) isn’t fully programmable, but does allow separate day and night setpoints.
- Digital display
- Backlit display for night viewing
- Large numbers – varies per model
- Clock – varies per model
- Room temperature displayed – varies per model
Section Update In Progress!
- Wi-Fi capable
- Individual Day Programming
- Vacation mode
- Security / Password
- Energy calculator
- Humidifier control
- Zoned heating and cooling
- Equipment Status
- Air filter notification
- Humidifier pad notification
The amount of manufacturers providing a basic mechanical thermostat is very minimal, but when wanting the latest in wifi, touchscreen, energy monitoring and whatever other tech that can be added; there is a slew of artistic and featured packed thermostat offerings.
Abode Home Security System Review
Living on the top floor of a condo building for the last six years provided me a feeling of security that couldn’t be matched by a home security system. I felt no need to install motion sensors or door/window sensors throughout our unit as I was pretty confident that nobody would be scaling up the building to break into our unit, nor did I feel that anyone would dare break in the front door past the locked security door and barrage of building security cameras. It wasn’t until we moved into an actual house did I feel the need to research home security systems to protect me and my family.
When I first started my research I went to all of the big names first, like ADT and Xfinity. I even had ADT people coming to my door for at least 3 weeks after we first moved in, but I wasn’t ready to pull the trigger. In actuality, I just didn’t want to sign a contract that forced me into paying almost $30 a month for a service that, in all likelihood, I would never use.
I grew up in a house without a security system and never once did we have an issue with break-ins… (knock on wood).
I was completely skeptical about the whole security system thing in general, but my wife felt that it would be a sound investment for our protection, and the protection of our children, so I pressed on.
After getting things settled around the new house, I started talking to an electrician friend of mine about home automation and what we could do around the house to take advantage of all the new smart home tech hitting the market, and that’s when we started talking about Abode.
At first glance, Abode seemed to offer everything I was looking for in a security system. It integrates with a lot of home automation products, it only charges you for off-site monitoring if you choose to pay for it, it’s easily controlled from a smart phone, and all of the components are wireless and easy to install. It sounded like a no-brainer, so I went ahead and ordered the starter kit along with a few additional sensors.
Abode Starter Kit
Abode puts together a very nice starter kit to ensure that you have a well-rounded set of sensors to protect your home right out of the box. If you have a larger home, or a home with more than two entrances, you will want to consider picking up some extra sensors, but the starter kit does a good job of, well, getting you started.
The starter kit comes with the Abode Gateway, which is the brains of the operation. The gateway connects directly to your internet router and comes with a built in 93db siren, 12 hour backup battery, ZigBee, Z-Wave and AbodeRF support (for home automation compatibility), as well as cellular backup if you choose to enable it.
In addition to the gateway you also receive 2 door/window sensors, 1 indoor motion sensor w/camera, 1 remote key fob, iOS and Android app access as well as web access to control the system. All of this comes to you without any sort of monthly service fee.
If you’re looking to jump right in with a security system then the start kit is the way to go, but I was looking to add a little bit more than the starter kid offered so I also received an additional 2 door/window sensors, 1 motion sensor w/camera, and 1 wireless keypad.
I work from home so I wanted to make sure I had some extra protection for my home office, so a door/window sensors in addition to the motion sensor seemed like a good way to make it secure. And the wireless keypad was a suggestion from my friend as a way to let my parents or friends into the house when we’re not around, allowing them to manually turn off the alarm system if needed.
Installation and Setup
Installation of the actual devices throughout your home is very simple and intuitive. All of the sensors and cameras adhere to your doors, windows, and walls using 3M tape that is included on the devices. If you’re a little skeptical about these devices being installed by just a piece of tape, I was too, but there’s no reason to worry. The heavy-duty 3M tape that is used on the devices is more than enough to keep them stuck in place for years to come. The devices themselves are extremely lightweight and I’ve hung other things in our home using a similar tape with no issues.
Taping the devices in place was very easy and straight forward, however the one issue I did have was you have to make sure that the door/window sensor pieces line up exactly so that they know when the doors/windows are open and closed. The doors in our home have trim around them, so I had to angle the sensors on the trim in a way that allowed the sensor pieces to communicate with each other each time the door was opened or closed. Depending on the way your doors are setup, you may have to experiment with the actual placement of the sensors to ensure that they properly detect the doors/windows opening and closing.
Setting up the devices with the app was also pretty straight forward and a fairly easy process. If you order the starter kit then the devices within that starter kit are already linked to the gateway and ready to go. Once you get through the initial setup of the gateway, those devices will automatically appear as part of your system and be ready to go once you remove the little plastic piece preventing the batteries from making a connection.
When it comes to adding extra devices, outside of the starter kit, I did run into a small issue. I could not get my 2nd Motion Sensor w/ Camera to link to my system and had to contact customer support. Support had me go through a slightly convoluted process within the web app in order to set the gateway into pairing mode and allow it to recognize the new device I was trying to add.
It was just this one Motion Sensor that I had issues with, I had no problem pairing the wireless keypad or 2 other door/window sensors to the existing system, but that leads me to the Abode smart phone app itself…
When it comes to arming the system and basic settings through the app, I had relatively no issues, but when it came to adding certain devices (even 1st party Abode devices), the app was less than intuitive. For some devices you can’t use the smart phone app and instead you have to open up the web app either on your phone or on your computer in order to add them. I understand that Abode may not be able to determine, out of all the smart devices out there, which device you’re trying to link up, through their app, but it was odd to me that for an actual Abode product, I couldn’t go through the smart phone app itself. So that process was a little wonky for me and I hope they come up with a better solution in the future.
Outside of pairing devices and manually arming the system, you can also setup geofencing and time schedules which allow you to customize how and when your security system is armed.
Again, I had to use the website on a computer to set these up, but in this case I wasn’t too bothered by it since it probably would have been tedious to do on a phone in the first place.
Location activation lets you setup a radius around your home that will trigger the security system activation and deactivation when you leave or arrive home. If you have more than one person in the home, who has a smart phone, you can add users to your account and set it up so that the alarm activates when the last person leaves the home, and deactivate when the first person arrives back home. This is a great feature since I know I would forget to arm the system manually every time we left the house.
The geofencing activation/deactivation works pretty well and is usually pretty accurate. I hadn’t had any issues with the system arming and disarming as intended until a couple weeks ago, and now it seems like it’s not activating as we leave the intended area, but rather activating at a random time after we leave, sometimes up to an hour later. I’m not sure if this is due to my cell service, my phone, or communication between the Abode app and it’s servers, but something has definitely changed in the last few weeks to make this feature not as effective, so I’m hoping it gets figured out.
As I mentioned above, I went with Abode because it tied into a variety of different smart devices, but also because it doesn’t force you into any sort of contracts, and doesn’t even require any monthly payment to maintain your secure home. However, if you want that added protection, it is available to you.
One of my favorite features of Abode is the fact that if we are going out of town for an extended period of time I can purchase 24/7 protection just for a long weekend, or weeks at a time. I don’t have to sign a contract, I don’t have to pay for an entire month… I only need to pay for monitoring during the time when I am away. Of course you can always pay for 24/7 monitoring all the time if you’d like as well.
In addition to that, you can also purchase plans for cellular backup in case you lose internet connection and still want your security system to notify you when an alarm goes off.
Since the system is limited to a siren in your home (if you don’t pay for monitoring), and a notification to your smart phone, if you lose internet connection at your home, you won’t know if your alarm is going off or not. Abode will notify you if it loses connection though, so you can troubleshoot the issue, but if you’re out of town and that happens, you’re not really secure anymore. That’s where the cellular backup plans come into affect.
If you want to ensure that your alarm will always notify you when it activates, then a cellular backup plan is what you’ll want. This ensure thats if you lose internet connection, your Abode gateway can still communicate with the Abode server through a cellular data connection instead of your local internet connection.
Overall Thoughts on the Abode Security System
After having used the Abode system for a few months now I can honestly say that I’m pretty happy with it. I like the lack of monthly fees and contracts, I like how easy it is to install and setup, and I like how I have the ability to add-on to the system as my needs increase (in the form of 3rd party smart devices or more Abode devices). All my love for the system doesn’t come without a few gripes though…
I do wish the mobile app was a little more intuitive and allowed me to more easily set up different devices without having to use a computer or the web app. And I hope that the geofencing arming, disarming, issue gets resolved soon, whatever the issue may be. Other than those two things though, I really would recommend the Abode security system if you’re looking for a great way to protect your home and family, as well as a great way to tie all your smart devices together.
As of the publishing of this article, the Abode starter kit is on sale for $299 (normally $359), if you don’t require any sort of monitoring. That’s not a bad deal for everything you get out of it. So head on over to their website and take a look, it might be just what you’re looking for out of a home security system.
5 Must Have Smart Home Products For Beginners
It seems like every day there is a new device on the market that can make your home smarter and more connected, but how do you sift through the garbage out there to know what’s worth your time? Turning your home into a smart home using connected devices and home automation products can quickly become addictive and costly, so if you know what your end goal is, you can make better decisions to save you time and money in the long run.
It starts with thermostats and lights, and quickly spirals into controlling your garage door and your tv with your voice. And that’ just the beginning. There are so many things you can do within your home today that can make it feel like you have your own personal ‘Jarvis’ at your command, but if you’re just looking to get started, what products should you consider, and how will they make your life easier. That’s what we’re here to discuss today. We want to show you 5 smart home products that you can add to your home right now that will improve your quality of live, without being overly complicated.
Our Favorite Smart Home Products
|Amazon Echo||Voice Assistant||$$|
|Amazon Echo Dot||Voice Assistant||$|
|Logitech Harmony Hub||Universal Remote||$$|
1. Ecobee3 Smart Thermostat / NEST Thermostat
There are two main players in the smart thermostat space at the moment, NEST (now owned by Google) and Ecobee3. Both thermostats have their strengths and weaknesses, but either one is a great choice for any smart home. We personally use the Ecobee3 in our home, but a lot of our friends and family use the NEST and it works just as well. The reason we prefer the Ecobee3 over the NEST is for one simple reason, remote sensors. The Ecobee3 allows for remote sensors to be placed in different rooms around the house to monitor temperature and motion. This allows the thermostat to know when people are in certain rooms so that the temperature can be adjusted accordingly. In addition to that, having remote sensors in multiple rooms can also allow for the home to be set at an average temperature throughout, instead of just one temperature at the point of the thermostat. Our thermostat is located slightly away from the general living space, in a room that not many people frequent. This caused the temperature in the bedrooms to fluctuate a great deal leaving 1 bedroom much warmer than the other in the winter. By using the multiple sensors and adjusting to an average temperature across the different rooms of the house, we were able to achieve a much more comfortable temperature throughout the main living areas. And because the thermostat is located in an area of the house that doesn’t get much foot traffic, we felt that the NEST wouldn’t pick up on our habits well enough to make it perform to its potential.
The NEST is also a great smart thermostat if you want to go that route. If you’re thermostat is located in an area where it can properly determine when you are home and away and can make the adjustments properly, then we highly recommend the NEST. Unlike the Ecobee3, which still requires programming (if you so choose), the NEST is a learning thermostat, meaning it doesn’t require you to setup schedules, it figures them out based on the movement it detects in your home. You can basically just set it up and never touch it again.
Both thermostats are priced similarly, and you can usually always find rebates through your gas or electric company, the only added costs would come with the Ecobee3 if you wanted more sensors.
2. Amazon Echo
We know that there are many different ‘voice control’ systems on the market today like Apple’s Siri or Google’s Home, but we still believe that the Amazon Echo is the best when it comes to smart home compatibility. There are thousands of skills created by 3rd parties that allow you to control all sorts of devices using your voice and the Amazon Echo, and more are added each day. The only downside to the Echo is that it doesn’t have the power of Google behind it so it’s not as good at answering general knowledge questions like the Google Home is. But the point of this article is to recommend the devices that integrate the best with a smart home, and we believe that the Amazon Echo is that product when it comes to voice commands.
Unlike the Google Home, which can only communicate with the NEST thermostat mentioned above, the Echo can communicate with both the NEST and the Ecobee3 flawlessly. It may seem like a novelty at first, but being able to just say “Alexa, set the home temperature to 72” when you want to change the temperature of the house, is extremely convenient and easy to setup. This was the first skill that I setup when I received my Echo and it gets used on a regular basis by myself and my wife. Even though the smart thermostats are supposed to make you as comfortable as possible, there are still times when you’ll catch a chill and want to adjust the temperature on your own.
Outside of controlling the thermostat, we have the Echo setup to turn our TV on and off, turn our lights on and off, and even control whole areas of the house. Outside of controlling smart devices, the Echo has basic features like being able to tell you what’s on your schedule for the day, setting stacked kitchen timers, and even playing music through Pandora, Spotify, or your own personal music library. If you’re looking to really jump into the smart home/home automation space, we highly recommend picking up an Amazon Echo to further enhance what you can do with the power of your voice.
3. Logitech Harmony Hub / Universal Remote
Every household these days should have a universal remote control for their TV/Entertainment center. There are just too many different remotes used to control too many different devices. Personally we had 1 remote for the TV, 1 remote for the soundbar, 1 controller for the Xbox One, and 1 remote for the blu-ray player. We managed to alleviate some of these remotes by getting rid of the blu-ray player and using the Xbox One to play movies, but I still wanted 1 remote to control everything, and the Harmony Universal Remotes have always been my goto for this.
Logitech Harmony makes a great line of consumer universal remotes that are easy to setup and extremely versatile in the devices that they can control. If you’re looking for basic functionality, you can go with one of the more basic Harmony Companion, which comes with the Harmony Hub and the extremely basic remote, or you can go all the way up the Harmony Pro, which has the hub plus a more advanced remote. Depending on which remote you go with will determine the variety of things you can control, but even the basic remote will allow you to sync up and control smart lights, switches and outlets if you so choose. It’s pretty amazing to be able to start the activity ‘Watch a Movie’ and have the TV change to the proper input, the blu-ray player turn on, and the lights dim down, all with one press of a button… but you know what’s even cooler? Combining the harmony hub with your Amazon Echo and just saying ‘Alexa, turn on a movie’, and having the activity trigger just as if you pressed the button on the remote.
4. Abode Security & Automation System
When we purchased our first home we thought long and hard about a security system. We made sure that the home we bought was in a safe neighborhood, but you never know what can happen. Growing up, my family never had security systems on our homes, we had dogs instead, so this was never something that I did much research on. My wife’s family has always had a security system and so she felt we should at least entertain the idea… even though we have a dog.
After looking at a variety of different home security offerings out there, a good friend of ours recommended that we look into Abode. The key features that we love about Abode are the fact that it doesn’t require a monthly fee in order to use it. Most security systems require a monthly fee for the 24/7 monitoring service that can call the police for you if an alarm is set off, but instead, Abode pings your cell phone and lets you know that the alarm is going off and lets you decide if you want to call the police or not. The best part is, if you are going out of town, or want 24/7 monitoring, you can purchase it as an option. You can pay monthly and have the monitoring all the time, or you can pay for periods of time like 3 days or 7 days, with no contract. You can also pay $10/mo if you want 3G cellular backup in case your internet goes down.
In addition to Abode being a home security system, it can also integrate with various smart home devices and IFTTT, to turn on lights when you get within range of your home, turn off lights when you leave, arm the security system when you leave, and much more. The system is also very modular, so if you want to add more cameras, window sensors, door sensors, alarms, keypads, or anything else, you can always purchase more devices online and add them to your system at any time. The self-installation process is simple, and you’ll be up and running in no time. So if you’re looking for a smart home security system, we highly recommend Abode.
5. Lutron Caseta Smart Lighting
The easiest smart device you can add to any home is lighting. There are plenty of smart bulbs out there that don’t require much setup and can easily be installed by simply screwing in a light bulb. These smart bulbs are perfect for a table/floor lamp or a desk lamp, but we prefer to use smart switches when it comes to overhead lighting in the home. Why spend the money buying a bunch of individual smart bulbs when you can buy a smart switch to control them all.
Lutron’s Caseta series of smart switches is a great addition to any smart home looking to get a little more out of their lighting. It works great with a ton of existing smart devices, and can even be controlled through the Logitech Harmony Hub or using your voice with the Amazon Echo. We prefer the Lutron products over some of the other devices out there just because of the sheer amount of compatibility with other products, and the quality of these products. These switches can get to be a little pricey depending on how many switches you play to replace, but in the long run, we love the fact that we can control our lights from anywhere and at any time. Having various activities setup to control the lights when we’re away or when we’re watching a movie, may seem like a novelty, but once you’ve experienced it, you’ll wonder how you functioned without it.
And there you have it. Our 5 must have smart home devices if you’re looking to dive into the world of smart home/automation. If you’re skeptical about whether or not you want to make an investment in a smart home, try out some of the cheaper devices first and see how you like them. Not everyone takes advantage of this technology, nor does everyone like this sort of thing, but for those of us that do, it’s a great time to own a home… or a bad time if you ask my wife. Adding smart home devices can definitely become addicting, and very expensive, so just a fair warning, it is very addictive.
Did we miss a smart home device you can’t live without? Let us know in the comments. We love hearing about how people are utilizing various smart devices in their homes.
These Honeywell timer switches provide advanced light control
A comparison of the Honeywell programmable timer switches, including a full video tutorial on programming the 7-day solar models.
The benefits of exterior home lighting are twofold. Lighting can provide an attractive ambiance to your home and property, but more importantly, lighting provides a line of safety and security. Everything from a lit walkway to a highly suspended yard floodlight provides enhanced visibility. Adding the convenience of home lighting automation makes things even nicer.
Once I was done upgrading all our indoor light switches to the Lutron Maestro models, I focused on the outdoor lights, but Lutron doesn’t make an in-wall programmable 7-day timer switch. I ended up going to a local home improvement store and choosing a light timer based on what they had in stock, which at the time was a boring looking Leviton model, which doesn’t seem to be in production any longer. That switch served the purpose just fine for a few years, until one day it quit working.
Without taking an official poll, I would safely assume most people don’t like spending money on replacing things that aren’t that old, but in this case I was happy to have something fail. I now had a solid reason to find a better replacement and solution, and this time around I discovered the Honeywell in-wall programmable light switches, which I find to have some of the best aesthetics and functions, especially the 7-day solar models, which I ultimately went with.
The Honeywell Programmable Switch Models
There is an assortment of Honeywell programmable timers switches to suit various budgets and specific applications. Retail models may suffice most homeowner applications but there are commercial models available too, which includes a longer warranty.
We have included the Aube Technologies models as well since you may come across them depending on your region or internet search. Aube is a Honeywell company, so switches with the exact same look and specifications will just differ in part numbers between them.
Same look, slightly different specifications and warranty:
E.g. Honeywell customer service informed us that, “the RPLS740 is a retail thermostat, which has 1 year warranty on it. This switch is not compatible with 3-way switching wire configuration. It is retail unit available at any retail stores. The PLS750 is a trade thermostat, which has 3 years warranty from date of installation. This switch is compatible with 3-way switching wire configuration. Its available through any HVAC licensed contractor”.
**View the installation instructions listed in each product of the Honeywell sites to check for wiring compatibility for the needed electrical box.
**Switches with 3-pole capabilities have a jumper wire included, along with the appropriate amount of wire nuts.
7-day Programmable Timer Switches
These switches provide the main essential for a light timer switch, 7-day programming. If a simplistic fascia is appealing, you’ll appreciate the control button hidden behind the front panel.
|Model||Load Type||Max. Load||Applications||Pricing|
|RPLS530A/531A||single-pole or 3-way lighting||500 watts||Incandescent • Halogen • Low-voltage halogen with transformer • Fluorescent • CFL • Not to be used with a load below 40 watts or a motor.|
|RPLS730B/731B||single-pole or motor||2400 W / 1 hp||Incandescent • Halogen • Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans|
|TI033 – Aube||single-pole or motor||2400 W / 1 hp||Incandescent • Halogen • Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans|
|TI035 – Aube||single-pole or motor||2400 W / 1 hp||Incandescent • Halogen • Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans|
|PLS730B/731||single-pole or motor||2400 W / 1 hp|
- Manual Mode – The programmable switch operates as a regular switch. Briefly press the switch door to turn the lights On or Off.
- Automatic Mode – The programmable switch follows the programmed schedule (up to 7 programs). You can press the switch door at any time to override the default state for the current program. The lights will turn off if they are on and vice versa. The new state is maintained until you press the main button again or till the next “On” or “Off” program.
7-Day Solar Programmable Timer Switches
The 7-day solar switches add a few more programmable features with in my opinion a more elegant pushbutton control panel.
|Model||Load Type||Max. Load||Applications||Pricing|
|RPLS540A/541A||single-pole or 3-way lighting||500 watts||Incandescent • Halogen • Low-voltage halogen with transformer • Fluorescent • CFL • Not to be used with a load below 40 watts or a motor.|
|RPLS740B/741B||single-pole or motor||1800 W / .75 hp||Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans • Incandescent • Tungsten (1440 W max)|
|TI072 – Aube||single-pole, 3-way lighting, or motor||1800 W / 1 hp||Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans • Incandescent • Tungsten (1440 W max|
|PLS750/751||single-pole, 3-way lighting, or motor||1800 W / 1 hp||Block heater • Fluorescent • CFL • Sodium lamps • Electronic ballasts • Pool filter pumps • Fans • Incandescent • Tungsten (1440 W max)|
Includes all the functions of the 7-day programmable switches, plus:
- Instead of pressing the switch door, briefly press the main button to manually turn the lights On or Off.
- Solar (Sunset/Sunrise) programming – Latitude and longitude coordinates are used to turn the lights on at sunset and off at sunrise. Don’t know you’re coordinates? Just type in your city and state, or specific full address at LatLong.net to obtain precise coordinates.
- Random mode – In Random mode, the programs are automatically set to different times by the switch every day; i.e. giving the impression someone is home during your absence. The first “On” program occurs at sunset. Each “On” program lasts between 1 hour and 1 hour and 30 minutes; each “Off” program lasts between 15 and 30 minutes. The last “Off” program occurs between 10:30 pm and midnight.
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