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Fix & Install

Installing Frameless Mirrors with Mirror Clips

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Frameless 1/4" modern chrome mirror clip

Mirror clips are a very common method for mounting and installing frameless mirrors. They can add simple decoration or be custom designs to fit individual styles. The most common clips, acrylic or basic metal J hook clips, are standard stock at many home improvement or retail stores.

* For larger mirrors beyond the typical single vanity mirror, use Mirror Hanger Brackets or J- Channels

SEE ALSO: Installing Frameless Mirrors with Mirror Mastic
SEE ALSO: Installing Frameless Mirrors with French Cleats

Tools Needed

  • Pencil
  • Level – Optional (see our review of the Sola Cordinat Level)
  • Measuring tape
  • Wall anchors – Ensure compatibility to mirror clip screw size
  • Drill and drill bits – (i) Drills sized to the wall anchor specifications. (ii) Smaller drills for pilot holes – see following instructions.
  • Hammer
  • Optional – (a) China Marker / Grease Pencil and / or Soapstone Marker. (i) These can easily be wiped off washable painted walls, mirrors, glass tiles, and stone surfaces. (ii) The soapstone marker is white and may be hard to see on white walls, but with enough rubbing you can create a visible chalky area. (iii) Markers can be found at any local store in the school supply section, or local craft store. (b) Blue painters tape; preferably 2″ or wider.  Use wherever marks need to be made without marking the surfaces.

* Frameless mirrors can be simple as placing the mirror against a wall, then guesstimate where the brackets should be placed. If wanting a more calculated approach the following steps will ensure a perfectly hung mirror.

Square or Rectangle Mirror Installation – Initial Steps

  • Measure mirror width and mark mirror center. (i) Mirror surface can be marked with a china marker / grease pencil, soapstone marker, or crayon.
  • Locate bottom location on wall for mirror placement.
  • Mark mirror center and edge locations on wall from measurements above.
  • Measure how far in to place clips based on mirror edge marks. (i) Perform a mirror and mirror clip positioning mock-up on a floor or table for easier positioning. (ii) Mirror clip placement will be about personal aesthetic preference. e.g. for a typical size single square mirror, do you like the look of the clips to be 2″ or 4″ from  the mirror edge?
  • Set a clip on each mark…lining up the inside edge of the clip along the mirror bottom location line.
  • Mark mirror clip mounting hole locations.
  • Remove clips and drill mounting holes. (i) Start with a pilot drill smaller than the clip mounting screw. If a wall stud resides in the clip location, only the clip mounting screw will be used. If no wall stud exists move up to appropriate drill size listed on selected wall anchor package.
  • Remove painters tape before installing anchors and clips.
  • Install the bottom wall anchors. Tap in with a hammer or screwdriver handle end.
  • Re-install 2 bottom mirror clips. Leave screws loose enough to allow mirror placement.

square_mirrorclip_measure

Square or Rectangle Mirror Installation – Final Steps

  • Place and center the mirror on the wall. (i) Measure mirror clip edges to mirror edges, and equalize.
  • Continue holding mirror against wall. Place a clip on top of mirror…resting clip tight against the mirror edge. (i) Use a level to perfectly align top clip with bottom clip, or use a tape measure to match the distance from mirror edge.
  • Remove mirror.
  • Follow previous mirror clip installation to attach top mirror clips.
  • Fully tighten all mirror clips.

square_mirrorclip_final

Oval or Circular Mirror Installation – Finding Centers

The following steps will ensure a perfectly aligned oval and circular shaped mirror.

  • Lay mirror on a flat surface – mirror side up.
  • Using painters tape (the wider the better), mask horizontally and vertically through the middle. This doesn’t have to be exact.
  • Using a builders square; press it against either a bottom edge and side edge; then vice versa (as shown).
  • Using the overall dimensions of the mirror (e.g. 22×30), make marks midway of the length and width.
Oval Mirror Only
  • To make sure the builders square is measuring accurately; as you could just spin on the oval and not be square; is to measure the gap below and above center in equal amounts. e.g. find 15″ and go 3″ above and below (18″ & 12″). The gap from the square to mirror edge should read the same. Keep rotating the square on the mirror edge until these measurements equal out.
  • Using a flat edge or level, connect the points by drawing a straight line.

You now have a perfectly squared up mirror to hang level. The lines can provide an accurate location to measure left, right , top, and bottom from center.

oval_mirror_measure

Oval or Circular Mirror Installation – Clip Mock-Up

  • Using the top -bottom or center location as reference, place the clips where they look pleasing to you. (a) Perform a mirror and mirror clip positioning mock-up on a floor or table for easier positioning. (b) Mirror clip placement will be about personal aesthetic preference. e.g. for a typical size single square mirror, do you like the look of the clips to be 4″ or 6″ from the mirror top and bottom. (c) For future clip positioning, mark mirror surface with a china marker / grease pencil, soapstone marker, or crayon and take note of the measurements distance.

oval_mirrorclip_placement

Oval or Circular Mirror Clip Installation – Initial Steps

  • Locate bottom location on wall for mirror placement.
  • Mark mirror center location on wall.
  • Mark bottom clip locations based on previous mock-up measurements.
  • Set a clip on each mark, lining up the inner edge of the clip where the mirror will rest. (i) The previous mock-up measurements will ensure the clips and mirror are hung as wanted. The clips can be placed square (as shown) based on the measurements, but the mirror may drop roughly a 1/4″ once swiveled into position.
  • Mark mirror clip mounting hole locations.
  • Remove clips and drill mounting holes. (i) Start with a pilot drill smaller than the clip mounting screw. If a wall stud resides in the clip location, only the clip mounting screw will be used. If no wall stud exists move up to appropriate drill size listed on selected wall anchor package.
  • Remove any painters tape that may get in the way before installing anchors and clips.
  • Install the bottom wall anchors. Tap in with a hammer or screwdriver handle end.
  • Re-install 2 bottom mirror clips. Leave screws loose enough to allow mirror placement.

oval_mirrorclip_measure

Oval or Circular Mirror Clip Installation – Final Steps

  • Place and center the mirror on the wall. (i) If the clips were hung level, the mirror should drop into place and can be leveled by aligning the vertical center mirror mark with the center wall mark. (ii) Additionally, place a level on either horizontal or vertical mirror marks to align.
  • Continue holding mirror against wall. Place a clip on top of mirror using the mirror mark guides made from the previous mock-up. Rest clip tight against the mirror edge. (i) Use a level to perfectly align top clip with bottom clip.
  • Remove mirror.
  • Follow previous mirror clip installation to attach top mirror clips.
  • Fully tighten all mirror clips.

oval_mirrorclip_final

Mirror Clip Options

For this project we are going to concentrate on modifying an 1/8″ mirror to safely accommodate 1/4″ mirror clips; as the design choices for 1/4″ mirror clips is much more extensive. The CRL Polished Chrome KV268 Mirror Clips shown can be purchased individually at DK Hardware.

  • Purchase either 1/2″ (13mm)  or 1/8″ x 3/8″ (10mm) round adhesive backed vinyl bumpers; like Surface Guard 9964 or 9967, which can be found in stock at Home Depot. Both of these are 1/8″ thick and add the extra spacing to safely and securely accommodate 1/4″ clips.
  • For a residue free surface for best adhesion, clean the back of the mirror with rubbing alcohol where you want to place the vinyl bumpers. (i) Start near the edge of the mirror at every clip location; then top, bottom, and a few in the middle. How many bumpers you install will vary on mirror size and whatever feels adequate to you.
  • Same standard mirror clip installation instructions apply.

Frameless mirror final installation

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12 Comments

12 Comments

  1. June

    June 17, 2015 at 9:43 pm

    I put in a 24 x 30 beveled edge mirror with acrylic clips but the mirror is so distorted. Where did I go wrong.

    • Editorial Staff

      June 17, 2015 at 11:00 pm

      Hi June,
      Could you be more specific? Do you mean the mirror is not level?

      • June

        June 23, 2015 at 1:13 pm

        I don’t know if I tightened the clips too much or if it’s just a cheap mirror that will never be right. It’s hanging over the bathroom sink in an old house. It looks like a fun house mirror until you get about a foot from it.

      • Editorial Staff

        June 23, 2015 at 7:20 pm

        Hmmm? Not sure exactly what to say if the mirror is giving an odd reflection. I’ve never heard of such an issue before. Is there a possibility of returning the mirror and trying another of the same dimensions, so you don’t have to redo the clip mounts?

    • J

      October 15, 2015 at 7:09 pm

      I seen this when the wall behind the mirror is not perfectly flat. Bevel mirrors are quite thin and will bend to match the wall.

      J.

      • Editorial Staff

        October 17, 2015 at 9:11 pm

        True, thin mirrors can bend, but I’ve never had an issue with a distorted image. That was a new one to me.

  2. David McMillin

    March 4, 2015 at 11:55 am

    I have an oval mirror I want to mount but don’t want to use exposed clips. I have seen a bracket that is glued to the back of an oval or round mirror. I would rather use this type of mounting system than exposed clips. Any idea who makes a mirror mounting plate that can be glued or attached with an epoxy?

  3. marie

    October 7, 2014 at 4:15 am

    i need to Installing Frameless Mirrors with Mirror Clips
    how much is it?

    • Editorial Staff

      October 7, 2014 at 6:04 pm

      Hi Marie,
      I don’t sell any parts or service direct. You can use any of the article links, search the internet, or go to a local home improvement store for mirror clips.

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Fix & Install

Garbage Disposal Installation and Replacement

These InSinkErator® video tutorials provide a detailed visual how-to for garbage disposal installation.

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InSinkerator Disposer Installallation

Adding a new garbage disposal to your sink? InSinkErator® will guide you through with their detailed step-by-step video instructions.

How to install a InSinkErator garbage disposal

Along with providing full video tutorials, InSinkErator also created handy step-by-step written instructions for many garbage disposal related installation and troubleshooting questions, along with addressing common garbage disposal questions and concerns.

Note: Check your local building codes for connecting the dishwasher drain to the disposer. For bacteria buildup concerns, some cities and states require the dishwasher drain to be directly fitted to the drainpipe and not the garbage disposal. However, this is only a concern if you plan on selling, in which the drainage will have to be connected according to local building codes to pass inspection. If you plan on staying in your home, you can choose whichever dishwasher drain connection option.

Direct Replacement of an InSinkErator Disposer

If upgrading and replacing an existing InSinkErator garbage disposal, InSinkErator makes sure the job is super easy with their universal Quick Lock® sink mount. Whether, choosing a more budget friendly Badger Series or investing in the premium Evolution Series, you’ll find that InSinkErator designed their garbage disposers to be a direct replacement.

I can attest from personal experience the simplicity of upgrading to a new InSinkErator

Each new disposer is provided with a Quick Lock sink mount, but if the existing Quick Lock® sink mount is in excellent condition, you can save a lot of time and inconvenience by attaching the new disposer to the existing Quick Lock® sink mount.

Choosing a InSinkErator Disposer

InSinkErator has a full list of features and specifications for each individual disposer to help you choose the right disposer for your application and budget.

Q) What’s the difference between the InSinkErator garbage disposals sold at Home Depot?

A) A Consumer Specialist from InSinkErator responded with “The differences between the InSinkErator brand models and the comparable models offered at Home Depot are horsepower, grinding components, length of warranty and some aesthetic differences in trim shell colors, etc. The same high quality of materials and workmanship are found on all models manufactured by InSinkErator”.

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Fix & Install

Doorbell Wiring Diagrams

The provided wiring diagrams are based on the NuTone 2-note door chime, but the common wiring configurations should pertain to all other brands of chimes as well.

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Modern stainless steel doorbell cover

This article started as a short and simple doorbell wiring tutorial, and we’re definitely going to cover various doorbell wiring diagram configurations in clear detail, but our research and testing led us to the conclusion that there is much more to know about a doorbell system, so we’ll go into those specifics as well.

From past to present the common 2-note door chime has remained a simple setup. There are three main component stages and we discuss the relevance of each stage and how all the parts work together to create a chime sound when the doorbell pushbutton is pressed.

The Broan-Nutone company, and more specifically the NuTone chime and transformers have a deep history in the doorbell market and may very likely exist in many home applications. You’ll see this brand referenced throughout the article.

Another popular doorbell brand that tops our reference list is HeathZenith, who offer product manuals and helpful how-to videos on their site.

The parts that make up a wired doorbell system.

As mentioned earlier, there are three main stages of a wired doorbell system, plus the wiring to connect all the components.

Note: Each home improvement store likes to carry it’s preferred brand of products and these can change over time, but overall the basic functioning of a wired 2-note doorbell system will closely resemble the following descriptions and layouts.

**Consult your specific doorbell brand for further reference.

Chime: You can’t have a ding-dong sound without the heart of the doorbell system. There are varying decorative covers, and dimensions may vary between manufacturers, but the fundamental chime design you see here, by NuTone, will remain uniform.

To access the internal chime, most, if not all covers snap on and you’ll only need to apply some force to pull the cover off. No tools should be needed.

Note: You’ll notice that the chime has a wiring diagram printed on it, which can be helpful, but if you’re not very familiar with electrical work, the lack of more details may leave you apprehensive, which is why we created clearer diagrams.

Nutone 2-note wired chime

Push-Button: The buttons used to activate the chime are of the momentary switch type. Think of it like this, you could remove the switch and manually touch the two open ended wires together, therefore completing the electrical path to activate the chime. Add the switch, and it achieves the exact same thing, momentarily completing the electrical path when depressed to energize the chime, then breaking the electrical path when released as the internal contacts no longer join.

Note: These types of buttons make wiring easy. They are not polarity specific, therefore either wire can be connected to either terminal. There is no chance of messing up the wiring.

An economical rectangle pushbutton is very common as they are included in chime kits, but any of the fancier pushbuttons still work the same way, whether lighted or unlit.

Want to upgrade your doorbell pushbutton? Tutorial to come!

NuTone doorbell pushbutton

Transformer: A wired doorbell needs power to operate, but the 110-120VAC from the electrical box is too powerful and un-needed for the application. For doorbell purposes a step-down transformer reduces the 110-120VAC voltage to 16-20-24 volts for doorbell component voltage compatibility.

WARNING: Electrical Hazard. Before beginning work, turn power off at the breaker panel or fuse box to avoid injury. Contact a certified Electrician if unsure of your DIY capabilities.

Depending on the door chime, or having multiple chimes, the transformer specs will have to comply to ensure that the chime / ‘s can function properly. The wiring diagram section will get into more detail on how the transformers in the chart apply to each doorbell system configuration.

Find more Nutone transformer specs and the latest information at NuTone
Model Mounting Type Rating Purchase
NuTone C905 lock-mount or wall-mount 16-volt, 10VA
NuTone C907 lock-mount or wall-mount 16-volt, 30VA
NuTone C909 Tri-volt lock-mount or wall-mount 8, 16 or 24-volt 20VA
NuTone C915 Fits in single electrical box 16-volt, 10VA

Locating and replacing a doorbell transformer can get tricky. Hopefully the transformer will be mounted in a visible place, but who knows what a previous installer may have done.

Tips:

  • A transformer can be mounted inside a junction box, e.g. NuTone C915, which may reside directly behind the door chime. This setup can remove the guesswork of locating a remote mounted transformer.
  • A transformer can be mounted to an electrical junction box. Check basements, crawl spaces and attics for possible locations.
  • Most transformers have screw mount plates as well as the electrical box connector. Check open floor joists or wall studs in the basement, crawl space and attic.

A very conventional location for a doorbell transformer is mounting the transformer directly to an electrical box. Why? The electrical box will have the needed power connection wires inside for the transformers pigtail wires to join to, and the higher voltage electrical wires remain safely enclosed.

Doorbell transformer design makes this connection and mounting even easier by having a threaded connector and nut that mounts through an electrical box knockout or a quick install lock-mount.

Broan-Nutone electrical box mounted doorbell transformer

**Further specific instructions will be included in product packaging.

Common NuTone Door Chime FAQ’s

We wanted to cover the basics and more in this article, but for additional answers and confirmation regarding NuTone products, reference the Nutone faq page.

Examples include:

  • Can a 2-note chime be replaced by a 4 or 8-note chime?
  • May two-chimes be on the same pushbutton?
  • What can be done for a 2-note chime that does not ring loud enough?
  • If an application is to connect two, 2 note chimes together, will 2 transformers be required?
  • What is occurring if the chime rings by itself?

Find the doorbell wiring diagram for your application

The following easy-to-understand doorbell wiring diagrams will give you a fundamental baseline for installing a new wired doorbell, replacing a wired doorbell and troubleshooting a wired doorbell.

My own home has one main entry door and an open floor plan. A single central mounted door chime connected to a single doorbell button is all that is needed. But homes vary in size and layout, so we’ll discuss the various doorbell systems that may work best for each application.

WARNING: Electrical Hazard. Before beginning work, turn power off at the breaker panel or fuse box to avoid injury. Contact a certified Electrician if unsure of your DIY capabilities.

Commonality between all types of doorbell wiring

  • Doorbell pushbuttons aren’t polarity specific. Either terminal of the pushbutton can be mounted to the red or white wires shown in the diagram.
  • The transformer doesn’t have an in / out set of terminals. The red wire shown in the diagram coming from the chime and pushbutton can connect to either terminal of the transformer.

Single doorbell button wiring

  • The NuTone C905 has a rating of 16V – 10VA and the standard specs for most single 2-note chimes. This is the type of transformer supplied in contractor grade wired door chime kits.
  • 20-22 gauge 2 conductor, e.g. 20/2, wire is commonly used to sufficiently handle the electrical load for a single 2-note chime and transformer power rating combination.

How to wire a single chime and doorbell button

Multiple doorbell button wiring

  • Add a rear or side door button in addition to the main front door button.
  • All the information for a single chime and doorbell button wiring apply, with the addition of another pushbutton.
  • The rear is only a 1-note chime. You’ll notice a bumper on top of the pin to prevent the second chime bar from being activated. This creates a slightly different sound between the front and rear buttons to know which one is being triggered.

How to wire a single chime and double doorbell button

Wiring a single doorbell button with two chimes
As I mentioned earlier a single chime works fine in our home, but what about a large ranch style home or multilevel homes where a single chime isn’t enough? Strategically placing two or more chimes is a simple solution in making sure you can hear the doorbell sound throughout the entire home.

  • With the need to power two chimes, make sure to use a larger transformer, e.g. NuTone C907 with a rating of 16V – 30VA.
  • Upgrading to 18 gauge 2 conductor, e.g. 18/2, wire is recommended to sufficiently handle the higher electrical load for the larger transformer power rating.

How to wire a double chime and single doorbell button

Wiring multiple doorbell buttons with two chimes

  • Add a rear or side door button in addition to the main front door button.
  • All the information for a double chime and doorbell button wiring apply, with the addition of another pushbutton.
  • The rear is only a 1-note chime. You’ll notice a bumper on top of the pin to prevent the second chime bar from being activated. This creates a slightly different sound between the front and rear buttons to know which one is being triggered.

How to wire a double chime and double doorbell button

What are alternatives to a wired door chime?

After reading all the information, analyzing your home and work involved, and concluding a wired doorbell system may not be your best option, you do have the option of the many wireless doorbell systems, if you don’t mind replacing batteries.

Note: We are in the process of putting together additional articles focusing on wireless doorbells. Stay tuned!

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Fix & Install

Instructions for Replacing a Glass Shower Door Sweep

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Replacing a frameless shower door seal

A pivoting glass frameless shower door will have a removable and replaceable door sweep along the bottom. By maintaining this shower door seal, you’ll ensure water doesn’t leak in the areas the seal should be protecting.

You’ll only need a few basic hand tools to cut the new seals to exact length, or for a little extra cost you can buy pre-cut shower seals and need no tools at all.

Step-by-Step Instructions

1) Remove worn door seal

Frameless door seals are simply pressure fitted. There are no adhesives or mounting hardware holding them on.

  • Over time and use the sweep fin will eventually tear from the main frame and lead to leaks.
  • Mineral buildup will also create an unsightly discoloration over time as well in the seal location, which may be cleaned to a certain extent.
Worn shower door sweep with torn fins

Worn and damaged shower seal

2) Assess sweep dimensions

Measure the glass door thickness and the length needed for a replacement.

How to measure a shower door for a new sweep

Doors do vary in thickness. Measure carefully and accurately.

3) Assess sweep style to order

Based on the existing seal and dimensions calculated in the previous step; determine the proper seal to order as a replacement.

Glass shower door sweep style replacements

Make sure you have the proper seal style

TIP: Ordering extra lengths of sweeps will save on long-term shipping costs, while providing a needed inventory for future replacements and miscuts.

4) Cut new seals to length

  • A hacksaw with the proper blade (32TPI) will produce a clean-cut.
  • A ratcheting PVC tubing cutter or pruning shear  may work, but I’ve had mixed results.
  • Using a utility snip or scissors can crack the rigid PVC material and most likely yield in an uneven cut.
How to cut a shower door sweep

A basic miter box helps cut a straight edge

5) Insert new shower door seal

  • Push new sweep over glass door as original was fitted. If a drip edge is part of the sweep, face it inwards to keep water within the shower stall.
  • View full video tutorial for more information.

Shower Door Cleaning

Clean the door sweep area thoroughly before installing a new sweep. Use the same removal and replacement steps above to do a regular cleaning of the sweep and seal area. Soap scum and minerals can build up over time.

Any general purpose bathroom spray cleaner works well when combined with either a scrub brush (utility brush, tile and grout brush, etc.), or scrub pad.

For excess mineral build-up on the glass door, a glass scraper may be required.

Items to clean the area of a shower door sweep

Additional Tips

  • During very cold climates, the door can shift around and leak even if the seal is in perfect condition.
  • Point the shower head away from directly spraying the shower door and corner pivot joints as an added measure to prevent water leakage.
  • Use of a bath mat will absorb any water that may escape the shower.
  • Inspect and ensure surrounding caulk joints are faultless.
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